The Efforts Made by Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho in Forming the Law in Brazil Makes Him Stand out in the Legal Sector

The law of Brazil comprises of a written law, which is the federal constitution, and the country’s supreme law that distinguishes the country as the Federal Republic. The law of Brazil also comprises of binding summary that came into effect in 2004 when the constitution was amended. The laws are taken from Portugal civil law, Napoleonic Code, and the civil law of Germany. Other important documents that make up federal law include the Penal Code, Civil Code, the National Tributary Code, the Commercial Code, the Customer Defense Code, the Criminal Suit Code, the Consolidation of Labor Laws, and the Civil Suit Code. Brazil is made up of federal States, Municipalities, and Federal Districts. The Federal States have the capability to pick up their constitution and regulations. Municipalities can also pick up their laws and also follow their respective state laws and those of the federal constitution. Federal Districts follow the Organic Law, which is a combination of their respective Municipality and state laws and ultimately the federal constitution.

Brazil was a Portuguese colony, which meant that it was operating under the Portuguese Judiciary. The lawyers in that era were trained in the University of Coimbra in Portugal. When Brazil gained independence, the country adopted its judiciary. The first law schools were opened in 1827 in Sao Paulo and Olinda. Today, the law schools are spread in every state with Sao Paulo, and Rio de Janeiro has the highest number of schools. The law course takes five years to complete, but one can only practice after passing the Bar Association of Brazil examination. Ricardo Tosto on LinkedIn.

About Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho

Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is an internationally recognized lawyer from Brazil. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is well known for the contributions he has accorded in making the laws of Brazil. Throughout his career, Mr Ricardo is also known to defend all people and organizations without discrimination. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is a partner at the Tosto& Barros Advocates law firm.

Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho did his law degree at the recognized Mackenzie Presbyterian University. He did a course in Business Administration at the esteemed Armando AlvaresPenteado Foundation.


Ricardo Tosto: Factors You Need to Consider When Selecting a Good Lawyer

When hiring a lawyer, you need to do some research before you can dial that number and give them a case to represent you. The lawyer you choose will determine whether you win a case or not. There are so many licensed lawyers in the market but that does not mean that they have the same capabilities. Brazil in particular, is known to have a very high number of lawyers, in 2010 there were over 600,00 attorneys in the country. When trying to get yourself a great one, it is easy to get intimidated. But with the following tips, you can easily get a great lawyer to represent you.


When you are hiring a lawyer, you need to get someone who has experience. You need someone who has handled other clients, clients with the same concerns as you and their success rate should be really high.


Affordability is a key factor to look in a lawyer. You need a lawyer who can work within your budget. If you are a company and a big sized one for that matter, you will need a big-time lawyer. They will have the contacts and the know-how to handle you.  You can’t risk cheap quality services.

About Ricardo Tosto

If you are looking for a reputable lawyer in Brazil, Ricardo Tosto is one of them. He is one of the reliable lawyers around. He mainly specializes in business law and has been in the industry for about one and a half decades now. Ricardo Tosto has helped many clients in drafting bank agreements, solving bankruptcy cases and recovering debts. He is a member of the International Bar Association and is one of the co-founding partners of Leite, Tosto e Barros Advogados.


A Worldwide Influence On Comparative Law: Sujit Choudhry

A tradition that goes back more than one hundred years, comparative law may be identified as the study of the differences and the similarities between the laws or legal rules of different countries.


Comparative law takes in common law, socialist law, civil law, commercial law and more. It has come to be of further significance in recent years largely due to increased monetary globalization as well as international public and private law.


Comparative law is not a body of rules and principles but rather a method of looking at problems. The aims of comparative law involve arriving at a more meaningful knowledge of the legal systems; playing a part in the coming together of legal systems as well as making the legal systems already in place better.


One internationally recognized authority on comparative law as well as an educator, lawyer and author, Sujit Choudhry has lectured and spoken about the matter in more than two dozen countries. He has also written more than ninety articles, book chapters and working papers.


The research of Sujit Choudhry spans issues from constitutional design in ethnically divided societies to decentralization, approved language strategy, constitution building and much more.


Sujit Choudhry’s education includes Harvard Law School, the University of Toronto, the University of Oxford and McGill University. He was also a Rhodes Scholar.  Follow him at his page.



Sujit Choudhry is currently the I. Michael Heyman Professor of Law at the University of California Berkeley School of Law. Prior to his work at Berkeley Law, he was the Cecelia Goetz Professor of Law at New York University School of Law and Scholl Chair at the Faculty of Law, University of Toronto.


What’s more, Sujit Choudhry is the founding director of the Center for Constitutional Transitions, which creates and organizes awareness of constitution building by partnering with a worldwide association of multilateral organizations and universities.  See added info


One leading US organization, the American Society of Comparative Law, (ASCL), is also involved in the awareness of the comparative study of law.  Based on  


The ASCL, which publishes The American Journal of Comparative Law, organizes, encourages, sponsors and draws together comparative law experts from around the world.

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The Philanthropy of Thor Halvorrsen

If most people were asked what their goal in life was, many would say that they want to leave the world better than it was. Unfortunately, this goal is often a trite one-liner more than an actual ambition. People will give lip service to the idea of doing good, but the cares of life can be too much and they will not make the time or the effort to reach that goal. On the other hand, there are those who truly are philanthropists, who actually exert effort to change the world. Thor Halvorrsen is among these inspiring and self-sacrificial individuals.

He Founded The Oslo Freedom Forum

The Oslo Freedom Forum is a human rights organization. They emphasize human value and virtue, arguing that people have intrinsic worth. The man living in a hole on the other side of the world with no friends and no purpose in life has value. Their key emphasis is the idea that despite the nation or race of an individual, she will still be worth something and deserves basic human rights. That is why many of their speakers will be men and women from different nations across the world to tell of their struggles and the oppression.

Lucent Technologies And Slave Labor

When a westerner thinks of slavery, she will likely think of the atrocities that occurred during the early years of the United States. She may be thankful that it is over. But the truth is that it is not over. It may be occurring on American soil, but it is certainly not over. Halvorrsen launched a campaign at Lucent Technologies to combat the atrocity of slavery abroad. His campaign pressured China to certify that their products had not been manufactured by slave laborers. This would seriously mitigate the financial prosperity of slavery.

Halvorrsen is a true philanthropist and somebody who many across the world admire. He is a member of a persecuted family, as he currently has relatives who are political prisoners in Venezuela. Both of his parents were murdered as political prisoners. Rather than being bitter, he lives to bring good into the world.



Ricardo Tosto Ecplains Why Brazil is a Land of Numerous Lawyers with Slow Justice

Brazil is a country with many lawyers and law schools. However, the justice wheels in the country are too slow. Most cases take many years to resolve. Others take decades. For you to understand the reason, there was a visitation made to Judge Laurence Mattos. Mattos’ smile is thin with a gray suit. It looks like his job has made him grow weak. When he speaks, his voice is monotone. For over two decades, Judge Mattos has judged numerous financial cases in the country. The most interesting part of the story is his high workload.

He has over one million cases under his department. His department has only five judges. This makes it hard to execute the cases within the shortest period. It is practically impossible to administrate all these cases. While the judiciary improves efficiency, the best we can do to ease the cases is so insignificant. However, something is going out of hand. His court deals in tax avoidance. He processes the claims together with the local authorities against the tax evaders in Sao Paulo.

For you to understand what the judge works with, the filing center was there to reveal the ordeal. There are numerous columns and rows filled with shelves and paperwork. The room was never enough. For the chamber material to fill the room, they had to place some of the paperwork along the floors. Renato Faria, the head of the processing department, calls this a tremendous amount of work. A professor and litigator at Fundacao Getulio Las School, Luciano de Souza, explains that Brazilians like solving their cases in courts. The country has over 95 million cases underway. This means that there is one lawsuit for two people.

The Brazilian Constitution of 1988 gives people the right to litigation. The people discovered that they could take to court any misunderstanding. For this reason, Brazil has over 1,200 law schools. This means that there are more lawyers in Brazil than the United States.

Mr. Tosto is a prominent strategist and leader in the law industry. He works in one of the best law firms in the country. For this reason, he has established one of the biggest law firms in the country. He has defended numerous companies and personalities in significant cases. He has provided legal services to multinationals and major Brazilian Corporations. He is the pioneer in legal mechanism adoption in the country.

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